A: Hard protection refers to measures that use solid, hard surfaces, such as concrete bulkheads, dikes, rip rap, seawalls, breakwaters, and groynes. Much of downtown Campbell River is armoured by rip rap. Soft protection uses less rigid materials, like vegetation and beach nourishment through the addition of sand or gravel to counteract erosion. It includes the creation or rehabilitation of wetlands and longer shorelines to dissipate wave energy. Ellis Park, along Hwy 19A, and Dick Murphy Park are both examples of soft shore rehabilitation in Campbell River.
Soft shore rehabilitation at Dick Murphy Park:
Hard shore rehabilitation at Ostler Park: